I recently switched my website from django to hugo. All the links referencing to my website are now broken and I need to deal with this.

Tip: You can see all your website links that matter to google for referencing by searching for site:example.com in your search engine.

When switching to hugo, I also decided to switch to gh-pages. While it’s pretty nice for many reasons, it doesn’t have any server-side configuration and we can’t do proper URL redirection.

Thankfully, there is a way to redirect the user to a correct link on a GitHub pages site.

To do so, we can create a special html page that will redirect the user to the correct link when loaded.

Let’s say you want to make a redirection from /blogs/2019/i-failed to /posts/2019/i-really-failed: create an html file on your gh-pages repo at /blogs/2019/i-failed/index.html and complete it with this :

<!DOCTYPE html>
        <title>Redirection to https://oktomus.com/posts/2019/i-really-failed</title>
        <link rel="canonical" href="https://oktomus.com/posts/2019/i-really-failed"/>
        <meta name="robots" content="noindex">
        <meta charset="utf-8" />
        <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="0; url=https://oktomus.com/posts/2019/i-really-failed" />

With this, the user will be redirected to /posts/2019/i-really-failed when going to /blog/2019/i-failed.

You can push these html redirection files directly on your repo.

Tip: hugo can create all those html redirection pages automatically if you specify aliases in your posts. See the aliases documentation.

While this tip is useful to do some redirections, you may not want to do this if you have a lot of content to redirect.